What Is a Joint Land Use Study?
A Joint Land Use Study (JLUS) is a cooperative land use planning effort conducted as a joint venture between an active military installation, surrounding cities and counties, state and federal agencies, and other affected stakeholders. The Sheppard AFB JLUS is a study funded through a grant from the Department of Defense (DoD) Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) and contributions by the local sponsor, City of Wichita Falls.
What Are the JLUS Objectives?
The primary objective of a JLUS is to reduce potential conflicts between a military installation and surrounding areas while accommodating new growth and economic development, sustaining economic vitality, and protecting the general public's health and safety, without compromising the operational missions of the installation. JLUS programs have three core objectives:
UNDERSTANDING. Increase communication between the military, local jurisdictions, and stakeholders to promote an understanding of the strong economic and physical relationship between the installation and its neighbors.
COLLABORATION. Promote collaborative planning between the military, local jurisdictions, and stakeholders in order to safeguard the mission of the installation from future incompatible development.
ACTIONS. Develop and implement strategies for reducing the impacts of incompatible activities on the community and military operations. Design tools to support compatibility in the future.
How Will the JLUS Be Developed?
The project will include Seven Tasks that are built upon each other:
Task 1: Project Kickoff and Project Strategy
Task 1.1 Committee Engagement
Task 1.2 Stakeholder and Public Involvement
Task 2: Inventory and Mapping Phase
Task 2.1 Interview/Data Collection
Task 2.2 Geographic Information System (GIS) Data Development and Mapping
Task 3: Analysis of Land Use, Air, Noise, and Environmental Conflicts
Task 3.1 Land Use Analysis
Task 4: Analysis of Future Development Potential in Study Area
Task 4.1 Future Development Potential Analysis
Task 4.2 Future Land Use Impact Assessment
Task 5: Develop Land Use Compatibility Recommendations
Task 5.1 Existing Regulations / Policies
Task 5.2 New Regulations / Policies
Task 6: Draft and Final JLUS Reports
Task 6.1 Draft JLUS Report
Task 6.2 Final JLUS Report
Task 7: Implementation Strategy, Action Steps, and Ongoing Support
Task 7.1 Implementation Plan and Action Steps
Task 7.2 Ongoing Assistance
What Will the Sheppard AFB JLUS Address?
The Sheppard AFB JLUS will provide all stakeholders with:
A detailed land use assessment for surrounding high growth areas.
A baseline of existing incompatible land uses around the installation.
Assessments of regional growth trends along designated transportation corridors.
A plan to assist surrounding communities with decision-making.
Recommendations and strategies to promote compatible land use planning around Sheppard AFB and surrounding communities.
What Is Compatibility?
Compatibility, in relationship to military readiness, can be defined as the balance and/or compromise between community and military needs and interests. The goal of compatibility planning is to promote an environment where both entities can coexist successfully. Study area data on existing conditions obtained from the PC and TC workshops and public workshops will be analyzed to identify current and future compatibility issues. This analysis will also identify the influence of regulatory measures on land use decisions and consider existing and projected development trends within the study area. A set of compatibility factors will be considered to evaluate the range of issues that influence land use compatibility. While all factors will be initially assessed, it is acknowledged that several of them may not exist within the Sheppard AFB JLUS area, yet all are identified below.
What Are the Compatibility Factors?
These factors address the comprehensive approach undertaken to promote land use compatibility within proximity to Sheppard AFB JLUS. These factors are organized into three topical areas: man-made, natural resources and competition for scarce resources.
What Are JLUS Recommendations?
JLUS recommendations may involve revisions to the communities' comprehensive plans and traditional land use and development controls, such as zoning, subdivision regulations, structural height restrictions, as well as promotion of planned unit development concepts. Additional actions may include amending local building codes to require increased sound attenuation in existing and new buildings, land exchanges, transfer of development rights, and real estate disclosure.
Have Past JLUS's Been Successful?
Previous JLUS's have shown a high success rate. The JLUS effort can directly benefit both the jurisdiction and the installation by:
Protecting the health and safety of residents living or working near military installations. Preserving long-term land use compatibility between the installation and the surrounding community.
Promoting comprehensive community planning.
Encouraging a cooperative spirit between the local base command and local community officials.
Integrating the local jurisdictions' comprehensive plans with the installation's plans.